Behaviour and character: pug is straightforward, peaceable, very sociable dog, behaving in house well, sensitive. Have well developed "feeling of humour", it is incredibly emotional and intelligent. Nobody will pass near this oddly looking dog indifferently . Pug arouses extreme emotions. Or someone will have fallen in love in him for first moment, or it can not look on such thing. Pugs live in agreement with different dogs and home animals.  In contacts with children and guests behave without accusation. It can't be forgotten that they require, to dedicate them many attentions, and they become jealous, if their owner deals with something different. It isn't one of the dogs belonging to so called" one master's dog " , pug loves whole family alike. There is a saying about him " the multi in parvo" that is a lot of in a small. And it is all a lot of: always good   the humour, love to family , sensibility, of gentleness, the attachment and   the devotion  to the family, just   and obviously a lot of the"body" (and how the saying tells"  the lovely body never not too much" ).  Destination of pugs:  they don't have any specific destination. They are not shepherd's dogs, watching or defence. So, how they serve ? It seems, that inflicting the joy to the men is their task by only fact of his existence. Friendship this has to be bilateral.  Garment: short, thick and soft fur it can be beige ointment   from   black   mask  (where   beige   it is in tints: silver, peach,  fawn),  or   in   colour   entirely black.  Education: one should lead very softly training. The pugs are sensitive on tone of voice. Sharp punishing is completely unnecessary,it can bring outright opposite result . Movement: they adore frolicking and party on air during pretty weather. In torrid heats can't leave them on ths sun ! (in no incident in closed car! ). They have to have assured cool, shadowy place as well as all the time access to water.    It values comfort and luxuries, to rest he chooses place from which it can observe neighbourhood.  During dream gives of all kinds sounds , there some specimens which are able to snore enough loudly,  therefore if we want to distribute with him bedroom,  We have to accustom this . Characteristic, enough pug's loud breath it does not need to testify about his wholesome problems.   It is careful dog of this race for the children's perfect friend. It is gentle, patient, tolerant and always purchaser to party. It in defiance of pretences has alive and energetic disposition.  Prying and ubiquitous, it adores it entertains. It is devoid in relation aggression to men entirely and animals.  Pug is about written figure strong, strong , building   in   square.



Odd race, which companions man by ages in almost unchanged form. Already only this fact deserves on attention. Let's remember, that both present, as and former breeders shaped according to own fancies dogs as well as taking under attention current fashion. If so some race survived in almost not altered form by ages, keeping her characteristic features, then this fact testifies already about her incredibility.

Kynologist's majority is careful for pug's cradle Far East. Let's back off in time about three thousands years. In time of dynasty the Sung (960-1279 before Christ) the "pug-like" dogs stepped out under name " the Lo - chiang - sche" or " the Lo - sche" , which it is direct ancestor of the current pugs' .

Little settled races can be proud of so long history. Short - nosed dogs were described by the Konfucius in 551 year B.C. In old, Chinese encyclopaedia :ERH - YA" we will find speaking about small, short - nosed dogs fragments, carried on hunting. Did they participated in them actively, or they were only splendid " concurrent persons" we - unfortunately won't find this never ... We happen mention about small, breviped, short - nosed little dogs in first century our era also. PAI stepped out under name at that time , how also under name HAPA ( dog from under table) because they comprised under small, Chinese tables.

In this period We can distinguish three types: lion's little dog (let's do not mislead him with present lion's little dog from bischongroup ) , Pekinoeese and short-haired Lo - Sche which is probably direct ancestor of the current pugs' . Introduced in Dogs' Imperial Book pictures short-haired Lo - Sche , simply present pugs . Something came into being after the example the today's pattern of race also that time, including requirement placed bred dogs. ie.: required was sc. "ducal brand" , which is the equivalent of today's diadem.


For the first European trace accepted was 1425 year, when then Italian painter Pisanello immortalized on his painting pug. No different race in Europe did not be well-known under so many different names: in England - initially Dutch Mastiff, later Pug, in France - Carlin, in Holland Mopshond. Under name mascherino that is they stepped out in XVII lid mask in Venice also . Despite painting the Pisanello, majority of authors of cynological works is careful , that pugs in XVI lid arrived to Europe. After three hundred's pause, in 1516 year trade contacts from Chinas link Portuguese, in 1575 Spaniard and in 1604 Dutchmen. First pugs the most probably from Dutch fleet arrive to Europe. They in country of windmills win large success quickly , they started appearing on reigning portraits.

There is well-known portrait of Swedish chancellor's daughter - Alexa Oxenstiera , Ann , with pug, paint in 1620 year. Pug passed to history by name Pompey, making up duke's property Wilhelm Oranski (1533-1584) . This dog , starting the alarm, saved duke's life. The pug stood in Holland symbol ( the coat of arms ) the party the " Oranskies". Moving to England to hugging throne, Wilhelm III took with himself group of pugs, which began English farming of this race under name Dutch mastif and they were broadcast name PUG then.

In XVII and XIX century, the German factories of china produced a large quantities of porcelain pugs' figurines. The pugs stepped out on manor of Wictoria's queen also. In France he was named Carlin from well-known actor's pseudonym Carlo Bartinazzi .

Pugs made up many artists' inspiration. They were immortalised byartists such as Jose de Goya ( Marchioness' portrait de Pontejos with pug, 1785 ) or William Hogarth. One of portraits of madame de Pompadour (1721-1764) represents her in the pug's company. Empress' pug be well-known also Józefiny about name Fortune which got lost in walz with bulldog of the emperor's cook Napoleon. In Russia pugs arrived on manor Catarina the Great, whose splendid portrait, in surroundings of pugs' group , is in Ermitage. 


Autroporeit of William Hogarth with a pug. This painting comes from with 1746 year and it can be seen in London Tate Gallery.

In first half of XIX century in England ( which led the first place in farming of this race) distinguished two pug's types differing from themself considerably enough. Type Morrison characterized with warm, bright tints of beige, crossing outright in oranges. Type Willoughby favoured outright black air raids ( silver ). In second half of XIX century happened confusion of both types . In 1873 year came into being Kennel Club which was registered 66 pugs in it. In 1882 year came into being first British Pug Great Dane. Till today's day England excels in pugs' farming. The fact about high level of English farmings testifies, that the many of well-known continental farmings, as on example the Belgian farming the DYLVILLE , bases on on English material.

In America in 1885 year American Kennel Club registered only one pug, to in 1926 year to reach number of5234 pugs!.


We find first pugs' traces in Poland in beginnings of the XVIII age. Portrait in palace in Nieborowno is castel Ann's Orzelskiej ,daughter of the August II Saxon and Franciszka Duvall, paint by Antoine Pesne about 1730 year on which we see pug, having peaceably with contemporary fashion, cut off ears. It was it is knowed, that pugs lived on manor of king Stanisław's August also. They as gift from our king hit on manor of Katarzyna's Czarina, mention about this fact appeared in weekly "Wanderer" which appeared on breakthrough IX and XX age. Ignace's tale is different confirmation on royal manor pugs' stay Krasickiego " Kurta and pug".



Pierwsze ślady mopsów w Polsce znajdujemy w początkach XVIII wieku. W pałacu  w Nieborowie znajduje się portret kasztelanowej Anny Orzelskiej, córki Augusta II Sasa i Franciszki Duvall, malowany przez Antoine Pesne około  1730 roku ,  na którym widzimy mopsa mającego, zgodnie z ówczesną modą, obcięte uszy. Wiadomo, że mopsy mieszkały też na dworze króla Stanisława Augusta. Jako dar od naszego króla trafiły na dwór Carycy Katarzyny, wzmianka o tym fakcie ukazała się w tygodniku "Wędrowiec" , który ukazywał się na przełomie IX i XX wieku. Innym potwierdzeniem pobytu mopsów na dworze królewskim jest bajka Ignacego Krasickiego " Kurta i mops".  W początku XIX wieku, oprócz arystokracji , mopsami zaczęło się interesować bogate mieszczaństwo. Na dowód tego znajdujemy ogłoszenia w ówczesnej prasie. Np. cytat:  " znaczną nagrodę przy zamilczeniu donosiciela, za odprowadzenie lub wiadomość o starym mopsie wielkości średniej, płowej sierści, ze zwisłymi uszami, pyskiem czarnym, kilku zębów nie mającym" .

  portrait of Katarzyna Orzelska with pug.


In beginning XIX of age, except aristocracy, rich townspeople began to interest themselves with pugs. On proof of this We find notice at contemporary press. ie. quotation:  " the considerable prize near hushing of the informer, for accompanying or the message about old pug of average size , fawn fur, with hung ears, black muzzle, several teeth not having" . In 1866 year pugs were already very popular race.  In just this year " Agricultural Newspaper"  in mention about agricultural exhibition passed a message: " Peaceful Little dogs, in Warsaw, very popular by the specialis, in pugs' race were sended always in great number" . In year 1893 was given in Warsaw , the expenditure of the Gebethnera and Wolfa, first cynological book, written in a modern style by Stanisław Rewiński.  It was titled: "PIES JEGO GATUNKI, RASY, WYCHOWANIE, UTRZYMANIE, UŻYTKI, UKŁADANIE, CHOROBY And LECZENIE. She contains also pug print how also his description. S. Rewiński can be decided as pugs' enemy, it results with description and comments.  quoted "Pug fat, stocky,fat , from short, comically to mountain upturned muzzle, from round and wide head, from little ears standing to mountain and in ends only hanging, , from short, winding and on back upturned stalk, it greases blackish on back and completely black on face, and about hoarse sound, today he replaced greyhound , , and became popularise very though before a dozen or so years made up true rarity ". 



In beginning XIX Book from 1893r. " Dog his species..." . ( from collection of the authoress of this website B. Zawadzkiej - farming the "Stellanova" )


In the fortieth years pair of Polish kynologist , Zofia and Lubomir Smyczyńscy, bought several pugs in region of Jelenia Góra . About year 1970   Władysław Kłodziński imported from England of Champion's dog Ore of Alicedown. This dog was associated with German bitches Rhea von Elbflorenz and Ilka von Moschgraben which gave beginning farmings : ' 'Margo " ,  "Stagrama" . Pugs with these just farmings went out very high class ( Interchampions and Champions) giving beginning almost all Polish farmings. In those times importing dogs was almost impossible, therefore arrival in 1984 year a dog about name " Invader Dylville" was also great event . He turned out prominent dog under regard exhibition how also as an farming animal. He won many titles : Interchampion, 16 x CACIB , 55 x CWC and CAC as well as he became father of 250 puppies. Many of them ( the np: DZAMUKA - the CHAN the Wide Grassland,  the Ducat the Mini Herd, Rival Slawora ) it won on exhibitions the highest laurels.    

Fashion again took control on pugs at present . It can be seen on the exhibition rings . We should have hope , that it is not dictated by the only desire of "enrichment " of the pseudo breeders' .    




                                     PUG THE PATTERN 

Race pattern   written to   FCI  under   No. : 253

General impression : Square figure and strong " plenty in parvo" it speaks in content of figure, mutual proportions and muscular shape. Characteristic features : great charm, dignity and intelligence. Temperament: sedate, merry and lively. Head and skull: large head, round treat not apple-like , without front furrow. Muzzle short wide, not upturned. Strongly expressed wrinkles. Eyes: dark, very large, spherical the shape, gentle the and anxious word, very shiny, and in moment the full excitement of fire. Ears: thin, small, gentle how velvet. Two kinds: * the rose-like - the small hanging, broken down the and ajar to back displaying interior of ear, ears as well as higher esteemed: * in shape of button - broken down towards front, the ends adhere to skull and they cover the interior of ear. Muzzle: small „?front-occlusion?”. Curve jaw, showing language is inadmissible defect. Neck: lightly arched, reminding the cres of helmet, strong, fat, sufficiently long, to the head was carried proudly. Front limbs: very strong , straight lines, of moderated length, put under trunk. Put shoulder - blades obliquely. Trunk: short, compact, wide chest, strongly ribbed. The straight line the line of back, nor the modeled nor sunken. Back limbs: very strong , moderated length, well angled genual ponds, put under trunk, straight lines and look at from so many simultaneously. Paw: not so long how hare's nor so round how cat, clearly separated fingers, black nails. Tail: high placed, wrapped up, adjacent to hip possibly the most. Doubly twisted very desirable. Movement: Front look at in movement limbs should rise and fall in prolongation spatular line, paw directed completely straight on, nor to centre nor outside .Of back limbs also correct action. Front limbs from good movement, back limbs move with good work of genual ponds freely. The lightly rolling movement of back limbs is the complement the typical movement. Garment: gentle, smooth, soft, shiny, short. Not hard and not woolly.  Colour: Beige from black mask { where the tints of beige can fall in silver colour, peach, fawn. Every clean colour for emphasis of contrast between colour of garment and the dorsal streak( the line from occiput to tail) and the mask., as well as clean black colour. Clearly fenced off meanings. The muzzle or the mask the, ears, the "moles" on cheeks, the "imprint of thumb" that is the "diamond" on forehead and the dorsal streak so black how is it possible. Size: ideal weight 6,3 - 8,1 kg. Defect: any deviation from passed features should be seen as a defect of which opinion should stay in proportion to her degree. Attention: dogs have to have two fully formed cores, being entirely in scrotiform bag.






The choice of race the dog, which settles in our house should be well-thought-out exceptionally. 

Pug and the Polish greyhound , though this is hard to believe , are members of the same species Canis familiaris - have the same genetic examples, anatomy and basic impulses.

By ages men created surprisingly different changes the same species inside, and they bred the thanks of careful selection different groups dogs, which answer men's needs. Shepherd's dogs appeared from here, defence, hunting, thougful, decorative. Let's let's remember , that sorted on space many summers specific differences in building and they exist to today the behaviour of individual races.  Though remembered pug and basic impulses kept Polish greyhound, they differ between with behaviour and building. 

Pugs are small, happy , amused , charming, long-lived " squares ", greyhounds meanwhile are large, slender, sensitive, hunting, sedate, intelligent dogs.

 * Which one will be better dog for the companionship?. 

Which one is more tolerant for children?. 

Which one needs more movement?.

 Which will cause less medical problems and which one dirties less in house?.

 At last which one pleases us more?.

Nobody can act only with aesthetical regards ,because it can be chosen race which clashes with style of given person's life.  Older man, not liking to walk, having less strength, will choose pug. Young, liking sports, ( driving bicycle, trip...) it will will feel having for companion well these expeditions, willing, untiring greyhound






I dissuade look for on markets dogs, bazaars, in zoological shops. There traders ( to does not mislead with breeders ! ) they feed on sensibility of buyers' persons under influence of the impulse which be not able to lean pretty little bucking on exhibition puppy. 

Many of these dogs is reared bad, we can not see their parents. Large probability exists ,that puppies have been too quickly separated from mother and brother and sister, and it can then have the disorder of psychical nature ( np. unsociality, aggressiveness ).

Private sellers offer on sale puppies across notice in periodicals. They have not at all no experience often ( or too little) and puppies usually sell with accidental associating.  Experienced , careful breeder this racial puppies' the best source.  In making contact with breeders helps KYNOLOGIC Association .   * Good breeders  they put notice about one's farming in specialistic ( cynologique )  periodicals : " Pies " bimonthly publication of Kynologic Association. *  Other way to know about breeding is to visit exhibition of racial dogs    ***  Puppy can't be taken earlier than it is 7 weeks old !